Wiring 103, Advanced Techniques

Lee Cheatle

• To create a better anchor the first wind on each branch should be a bit closer to the axial point and be less than a 45degree angle; subsequent winds are then wound on with a more than 45 degree angle
• Adversely to the above technique; as you progressively wire out on a branch it is okay to place the wire on at a 55degree or more angle
• Explanation to the above two techniques: it is about holding power, the first wind creates a more solid anchor and when you get out towards the tips of branches where they are thinner you need less holding power and an elongated wire eventually has less holding power.
• Often it is necessary to apply the wire in one direction albeit you need to twist the branch in the opposite direction. To remedy that; hold the branch in the position you want it to be in while you are applying the wire, it sounds simple but it takes a bit of practice to get proficient at it; you will want to have a third hand.
• Raffia, tape, horse wrap etc. is often used to either protect a branch from the wire (usually deciduous trees with thin bark or to add strength/rigidity to a thick branch or trunk that requires bending.
• Raffia should be applied in the same direction you are planning to place on the wire.
• The more bend you intend to make and or the thicker the branch to be bent is, the more raffia you should use.
• Raffia is soaked in water prior to applying to a branch.